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Truancy Definitions


  1. Unruly Child
    1. An unruly child based on Truancy is a child who is a habitual truant.  A Habitual Truant is defined as a child who has been absent from school without a legitimate excuse for:
      1. Five or more CONSECUTIVE school days,
      2.  Seven or more school days in ONE MONTH, or
      3.  Twelve or more school days in a school YEAR;

  1. Delinquent Child
    1. A delinquent child based on truancy is a child who is a chronic truant.  A Chronic Truant is defined in two ways:
      1. Any Child who previously has been adjudicated an unruly child for being a habitual truant and is again a habitual truant, meaning that they have been absent from school without a legitimate excuse for:
        1. Five or more CONSECUTIVE school days,
        2. Seven or more school days in one MONTH, or
        3. Twelve or more school days in a school YEAR.
      2. A Chronic Truant is also defined as a child who has been absent from school without a legitimate excuse for
        1. Seven or more CONSECUTIVE school days, or
        2. Ten or more school days in one MONTH, or
        3. Fifteen or more school days in a school YEAR.

  1. Contributing to the Delinquency/Unruliness of a Minor
    1. A parent is guilty when they are the cause of their child’s unexcused absences from school.  A parent can be the cause of their child’s unexcused absences when they act to keep their child home from school without legitimate excuse or affirmatively fail to act to ensure their child gets to school every day on time.
    2. A complaint against a parent MUST state how the parent has caused their child to be delinquent/unruly based on truancy.

How to File a Complaint against a Parent for Contributing

  1. Investigate case – use the truancy checklist to help guide your investigation for the case
  2. Fill out proper complaint with all required information
  3. Complaint Approval – submit the complaint along with the truancy checklist and all case documentation to the Juvenile Prosecutor for approval. Please note that contributing cases that are filed without approval will be dismissed immediately.
  4. File complaint at the Juvenile Court Clerk’s Office after it is approved.
  5. Follow up with your cases
  6. Testify if necessary at trial

How to Get Approval for Contributing Cases

  1. Bring case to Truancy Case Review – Thursdays at 1:30pm in Juvenile Court Probation Department
  2. Email all case information to prosecutor –
  3. Bring case to Prosecutor’s Office for approval

How to file a Complaint against a Juvenile for Truancy

A truancy complaint can be filed at any time at the Juvenile Court Clerk’s office.  However, there is a truancy review meeting every Thursday at 1:30pm and there is a procedure that is used to review truancy cases prior to filing.  This ensures the best outcome for the juveniles. 

  1. Email the Juvenile Court Clerk, Kathy Lopez () by Wednesday at noon on the week that you want to file the complaint.  She will check if the juvenile has any prior cases and if s/he is currently on probation.
  2. Fill out complaint fully and the truancy checklist and include all required information.
  3. Attend the Truancy Review meeting at 1:30pm at Juvenile Court in the probation department. There cases are reviewed to determine if the case should be made official or go through diversion.
  4. File complaints with the Clerk’s office after the meeting.
  5. Follow up with your cases and attend court when necessary.

Truancy Checklist


Adult Truancy Packet Checklist

Juvenile Truancy Packet Checklist

Truancy Complaints

Adult Complaint


Juvenile Complaints